Written by: Hilla Shaviv

Don't let vaginal dryness be a pain in the cervix!

Vaginal dryness is a common condition that can affect women of all ages. It occurs when the vaginal tissues do not produce enough natural lubrication, which can cause discomfort, pain during sex, and other symptoms. While it’s a common condition, it’s also one that can be frustrating and difficult to talk about. So, we spoke to Dr. Jane Smith, a gynecologist, to get some more insight on this topic.

Causes of Vaginal Dryness

According to Dr. Smith, there are several factors that can contribute to vaginal dryness, including:

“Vaginal dryness can occur at any age, but it’s more common as women approach menopause. This is because estrogen levels drop, which affects vaginal moisture levels. Some other factors that can contribute to vaginal dryness include breastfeeding, certain medications, stress, and medical conditions such as endometriosis.”

Symptoms of Vaginal Dryness

The most common symptom of vaginal dryness is discomfort during sexual intercourse. However, there are other symptoms that women may experience, such as:

“Women with vaginal dryness may experience itching, burning, and soreness in the vaginal area. They may also be more prone to urinary tract infections and pain during urination.”

Treatments for Vaginal Dryness

Fortunately, there are several treatment options for vaginal dryness. According to Dr. Smith, some of these options include:

“Vaginal moisturizers and lubricants can be used to help keep the vaginal tissues moist. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is also an option for some women. This involves taking estrogen in the form of pills, patches, or creams to restore vaginal moisture. There are also medications such as ospemifene that can be used to increase vaginal lubrication.”

Lifestyle changes can also help alleviate symptoms of vaginal dryness. “Staying hydrated, avoiding irritants in the vaginal area, and managing stress can all help reduce vaginal dryness,” Dr. Smith adds.

Vaginal Dryness and the Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle can also play a role in vaginal dryness. During the menstrual cycle, estrogen levels fluctuate, and low estrogen levels can lead to vaginal dryness. This can occur during the premenstrual phase, as well as during and after menopause.

Dr. Smith explains further, “During the menstrual cycle, estrogen levels drop in the premenstrual phase and then rise again after ovulation. This drop in estrogen can cause vaginal dryness, and some women may experience this as a symptom of PMS. Additionally, during menopause, estrogen levels drop permanently, which can lead to ongoing vaginal dryness.”

Understanding how the menstrual cycle affects vaginal dryness can help women better manage their symptoms and seek appropriate treatment options.


In conclusion, vaginal dryness is a common condition that can cause discomfort and pain during sexual activity. While it is most common in women who are going through menopause, it can affect women of all ages. Hormonal changes, certain medications, and lifestyle factors can all contribute to vaginal dryness. Vaginal dryness is a common condition that can be difficult to talk about. But it’s important to understand that it’s nothing to be ashamed of, and there are treatments available, including local estrogen therapy and lifestyle changes that can help manage symptoms. If you’re experiencing vaginal dryness, it’s important to talk to your healthcare provider to determine the best course of action/treatment plan for you.


American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2018). Vaginal dryness. Retrieved from https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/vaginal-dryness

Mayo Clinic. (2021). Vaginal dryness. Retrieved from https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/vaginal-dryness/symptoms-causes/syc-20352364

National Institute on Aging. (2021). Vaginal dryness. Retrieved from https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/vaginal-dryness

North American Menopause Society. (2013). The role of local vaginal estrogen for treatment of vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women: 2007 position statement of The North American Menopause Society. Menopause, 20(9), 888-902. doi: 10.1097/GME.0b013e3182a122c2

Sturdee, D. W., & Panay, N. (2010). Recommendations for the management of postmenopausal vaginal atrophy. Climacteric, 13(6), 509-522. doi: 10.3109/13697137.2010.522369

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