LifestylePeriod & Health

Written by: Maya Galinsky

It's a Bloody Mess: Coping with the Challenges of Menstrual Leaks

Menstrual leaking is a common issue faced by menstruators. It occurs when menstrual blood seeps through the barriers meant to contain it, such as tampons, pads, or menstrual cups. Leaking can happen at any time, and it can be an embarrassing and frustrating experience for many. In this post, we will discuss the causes of menstrual leaking, how it affects menstruators, and what can be done to prevent or manage it.

Understanding the Causes of Menstrual Leaking

There are several reasons why menstrual leaking can occur. It could be due to using the wrong absorbency level of pads or tampons, improper insertion of menstrual products, or a sudden gush of menstrual blood. It could also be caused by a heavy flow, physical activity, or hormonal changes.

According to, a leaky tampon often means it is time to change it. Leaving a tampon in for too long can cause it to become saturated, leading to leakage. Similarly, if the tampon is not inserted correctly, it may not be able to absorb menstrual blood effectively, leading to leaks.

Menstrual cup leaks are also quite common, as noted by Ruby Cup. A leaking menstrual cup could be a result of using the wrong size or shape, improper insertion, or a tilted cervix. A well-placed menstrual cup creates a seal against the vaginal walls that helps prevent leaks, but if the seal is not secure, menstrual blood can escape.


On the other hand, period leaking to the back can be due to gravity, as the menstrual blood flows downwards, as explained by Ondr. This can occur when the pad or tampon is not placed high enough in the underwear, leading to leaks.

Understanding the Effects of Menstrual Leaking

Menstrual leaking can have several effects on menstruators, including physical discomfort, embarrassment, and anxiety. Leaks can cause menstrual blood to seep through clothing, leading to visible stains and odor. The embarrassment of having visible stains can cause anxiety and self-consciousness, leading to a loss of confidence and emotional discomfort.

Additionally, menstrual blood can cause irritation, itching, and a strong odor if it comes into contact with the skin for prolonged periods. This can lead to vaginal infections, which can be quite uncomfortable and even painful.

Finding Solutions to Menstrual Leaking

There are several ways to prevent or manage menstrual leaking. One solution is to use the right absorbency level of pads or tampons. If you have a heavy flow, it is advisable to use a high-absorbency pad or tampon. Conversely, if your flow is light, using a low-absorbency pad or tampon can be sufficient.

Proper insertion of menstrual products is also crucial to avoid leaks. Take time to read the instructions and practice inserting pads or tampons correctly. For menstrual cups, choosing the right size and shape is essential, as well as ensuring the cup is inserted correctly and creates a seal against the vaginal walls.

Another solution is to use period underwear, which is designed to absorb menstrual blood and prevent leaks. As noted by The Fornix, period underwear comes in various styles and designs and can be a sustainable and cost-effective solution for menstruators.

In addition, using panty liners or backup pads can be helpful in case of unexpected leaks. It is also advisable to change pads, tampons, or menstrual cups regularly, preferably every 4 to 8 hours, to avoid saturation and prevent leaks.

The Impact of Leaks on Menstruators' Lives

Period leaks are not just uncomfortable and embarrassing; they can have significant impacts on the lives of menstruators. According to a study by Plan International, a global organization dedicated to advancing children’s rights and equality for girls, 1 in 3 menstruators in the UK feel that their periods negatively impact their daily lives, with 43% feeling embarrassed or ashamed about their period, and 27% feeling that their period affects their confidence. Leaks are a major contributor to these negative feelings, with 38% of menstruators in the study reporting that they had experienced leaks at least once in the past year.

The impact of leaks on menstruators’ lives goes beyond just emotional distress. According to another study, menstrual leaks can also lead to physical discomfort and health issues. The study found that:

women who experienced frequent menstrual leaks were more likely to experience vaginal infections and skin irritation, as well as being at higher risk of developing conditions such as vulvodynia and vaginismus.

Furthermore, menstrual leaks can also have practical implications for menstruators. Many people are forced to miss school or work because of their periods, and leaks can exacerbate this problem by causing additional stress and discomfort. For example, a study by Always found that 1 in 5 girls in the US have missed school because of their period, with 79% of those reporting that they had done so because of fear of leaking.

In addition, the cost of purchasing disposable menstrual products can add up quickly, particularly for those who experience frequent leaks and need to change their products more frequently.

Leak-Free Marketing Paradox

One paradoxical aspect of menstrual product marketing is the emphasis on “leak-free” periods. While this may seem like a positive attribute, it also perpetuates the stigma and shame around menstruation.

By promoting the idea that periods should be completely contained and unseen, these advertisements reinforce the idea that menstruation is something that should be hidden and not discussed. Furthermore, the idea of “leak-free” products can create unrealistic expectations for menstruators, leading to disappointment and frustration when leaks inevitably occur.

Studies have shown that the pressure to maintain a “leak-free” period can cause significant anxiety for menstruators. In a survey conducted by Thinx, 60% of respondents reported feeling anxious about leaks during their period, with 46% stating that the fear of leaking had caused them to cancel plans or miss out on activities they enjoyed (Thinx, 2021).

Another study found that women who reported more anxiety about menstrual leaks had lower self-esteem and greater emotional distress (Lundqvist, 2015).

In addition, the emphasis on “leak-free” periods can also perpetuate the myth that menstruation is a problem that needs to be solved.

This marketing strategy can obscure the reality that periods are a natural and healthy part of the menstrual cycle and that occasional leaks are a normal and common occurrence. Conclusion In conclusion, leaks during menstruation can have a significant impact on the lives of menstruators. While menstrual products have improved over the years, they are not yet perfect, and leaks still occur. It is important to challenge the stigma and shame surrounding menstruation and to promote honest and open conversations about periods. By doing so, we can create a more supportive and understanding environment for menstruators and work towards a future where menstruation is normalized and celebrated rather than stigmatized.

Final Thoughts

Menstrual leaking can be a frustrating and uncomfortable experience for many menstruators. However, with the right products, techniques, and knowledge, it can be managed and minimized. It’s important to remember that menstrual leaking is normal and nothing to be ashamed of. It’s a natural process that many people experience and is part of the menstrual cycle. Despite leaking being normal, it is a headache! With exactly this thought in mind, the Tulipon is designed as an end-all to stained pants, sheets, and underwear. With every period product out there, it’s also important to change your product regularly, especially on heavier flow days, to avoid overflow. But, with the Tulipon, its menstrual cup is larger to enable users to sleep soundly.

In addition to using the right products, practicing good menstrual hygiene can also help prevent leakage. This includes washing your hands before and after changing your menstrual product and cleaning your genital area regularly.

If you experience persistent leaking despite using the right products and techniques, it may be worth consulting with a healthcare provider. There could be underlying medical issues, such as a hormonal imbalance or pelvic floor dysfunction, that need to be addressed.

The impact of leaks on menstruators’ lives goes beyond just physical discomfort. Menstrual leaks can also lead to emotional distress, practical implications, and health issues. It’s important to challenge the stigma and shame surrounding menstruation and to promote honest and open conversations about periods. By doing so, we can create a more supportive and understanding environment for menstruators and work towards a future where menstruation is normalized and celebrated rather than stigmatized.

Overall, menstrual leaking is a common experience for many menstruators, but it can be managed and minimized with the right strategies. Remember to be kind and patient with yourself, and know that you are not alone.


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